Abiotic
无生命的, 无生物

The nonliving parts of the environment. These include things like temperature, sunlight, humidity, water supply, soil type, and mineral nutrients
环境中无生命的部分,这些包括温度,日光,湿度,供水,土壤类型和矿物营养

Adaptation
适应

A change in a plant or animal that makes it better able to live in a particular place or situation
一种植物或动物使其更能够生活在一个特别的地方或情况所做的改变

artificial lightning
人工闪电

Beachfront lightning originating from coastal man-made structures.
海滨闪电起源于沿岸的人造结构

beach erosion
海滩侵蚀

The process in which beach sand is removed because of tidal motion or the wind.
海滩沙子因潮汐运动或风而被移除的过程

beach nourishment
海滩滋养

Consist of pumping, trucking or scraping sand onto the beach in order to rebuild what was lost to erosion.
涵盖抽水,运送和去除海滩上的沙土为了重建因侵蚀所失

Carapace
甲壳

The carapace is the upper part of shell.
甲壳是甲壳动物的上方部分

Cartilage

A strong but flexible material found in some parts of the body (such as the nose, the outer ear, and some joints)
一种可在身体某些部中找到的坚韧但带弹性的物质如:鼻子,外耳和某些关节

Caruncle
肉冠

A naked fleshy outgrowth (as a bird's wattle)
一个赤裸的肉质突起物如鸟垂

Celsius
摄氏

Relating to or having a scale for measuring temperature on which the boiling point of water is at 100 degrees and the freezing point of water is at 0 degrees — abbr. C
用来衡量温度的刻度,水的沸点为100℃而水的凝固点为0℃,缩写C

coastal armoring
海岸防御

Shoreline engineering, such as sea walls, rock barrier, sandbag installations, in order to protect coastal properties from erosion.
海岸线工程,如海墙, 岩石屏障, 沙袋装置以保护海岸线免于侵蚀

connective tissue
结缔组织

The parts of the body (such as ligaments, tendons, and cartilage) that support and hold together the other parts of the body (such as muscles, organs, and bones)
身体的各部分(如韧带,肌腱,软骨等),支持和维系身体的其他部分(如肌肉,内脏,骨头)

continental shelves
大陆暗礁

The land mass that extends under the waters edge that surrounds the continent.
延伸至环绕大洲水域之下的陆块

Courtship
求偶

The behavior of animals that leads to sexual activity or the period of time when such behavior occurs
动物导致治性活动的行为或一段这种行为发生的时期

Cretaceous period
白垩纪期

The period of time that signaled the end of the reptile age and the time when flowering plants and modern insects began to appear; between 63 million and 135 million years ago.
位于一亿三千五百万和六千三百万年前之间的一段时期,宣告爬虫类时代的结束也是开花植物和现代昆虫开始出现的时代

decompression sickness
减压过急病症

a sometimes fatal disorder that is marked by neuralgic pains and paralysis, distress in breathing, and often collapse and that is caused by the release of gas bubbles (as of nitrogen) in tissue upon too rapid decrease in air pressure after a stay in a compressed atmosphere —called also bends, caisson disease
一个神经痛疼痛和麻痹,呼吸窘迫有时会致命的病症,因处于压力下降的环境后组织中的气泡如氮气的释放在压力下快速下降, 也称沉箱病,潜水夫病

Degenerate
衰退,堕落

to change to a worse state or condition : to become worse, weaker, less useful, etc.
改变至较糟的状态或状况,变得更糟,更弱或较无用的等

Desiccation
干燥

To dry out completely, dehydrate.
完全变干,脱水

Ectotherm
冷血动物

A cold-blooded animal
一种冷血动物

Embryo
胚胎

A human or animal in the early stages of development before it is born, hatched, etc.
人类或动物在出生,孵化等之前的早期发展阶段

environmental factors
环境要素

Any factor, abiotic or biotic, that influences living organisms
任何有生命或无生命的影响生物体的要素

estrus
发情期

A regularly recurrent state of sexual excitability during which the female of most mammals will accept the male and is capable of conceiving
一种定期重复的性兴奋状态,在这段期间大部分的女性哺乳动物将接受男性且能受孕

Fahrenheit
华氏温度

Relating to or having a scale for measuring temperature on which the boiling point of water is at 212 degrees above zero and the freezing point is at 32 degrees above zero — abbr. F
用来衡量温度的刻度,水的沸点为212度而水的凝固点为32度,简称F

Fertilize
受精

To make (an egg) able to grow and develop
使(卵)能够成长或发展

gender determination
性别鉴定

The find out the state of being male or female; sex
找出能为男性或女性的状态,性别

gender variability
性别变异

Sex (male versus female) determination in embryos which usually occurs at a specific time during embryonic development, or gestation.
胚胎性別(男性与女性)测定,通常发生在一个特定的时间在胚胎发育过程中,或懷孕期

genetic diversity
遗传多样性或基因多样性

The level of biodiversity, refers to the total number of genetic characteristics in the genetic makeup of a species
生物多样性指物种的基因组成遗传特性的总数

Gestatation
怀孕期

The time when a person or animal is developing inside its mother before it is born ; also : the process of development that happens during this time
当人或动物出生前在母體內发展的时间,发展的过程也在这段时间内发生

Hatchling
孵化的

A recently hatched animal; a very young bird, fish, etc., that has just come out from an egg
最近孵出的动物,刚刚从卵里出来;非常年幼的鸟,鱼等

Hormone
荷爾蒙

A natural substance that is produced in the body and that influences the way the body grows or develops
一种在体内产生的天然物质,影响身体成长或发展的方式

high tide line
高潮线

The highest point on the beach water reaches due to changing tides.
由于潮汐变化海水所能达到的最高点

Incubate
孵化

To keep (something) in the proper conditions for development
把(某事)放在合适的状态中求发展

Inundate
泛滥

To cover with water, overflow.
覆满水,满的溢出

migratory route
迁移路线

An established line of travel or access used to journey between different areas at specific times of the year
既定的旅游路线或旅程的通路在於一年中的特定的时间不同区域之间

Nest

A bed or receptacle prepared by an animal and especially a bird for its eggs and young
动物准备的基所或住所,特别是鸟类给它的蛋或幼鸟

Pelagic
远洋的

Relating to or living in the sea far from the shore
有关或生活在远于海岸的大海

Poacher
偷猎者

To hunt or fish illegally; to catch or kill an animal illegally
非法狩猎或捕鱼,非法地抓取或杀害动物

Predator
食肉动物

An animal that lives by killing and eating other animals : an animal that preys on other animals
杀害和吃其他动物为生的一种动物, 一种掠捕其它动物的动物

Plastron
腹甲

The ventral part of the shell of a tortoise or turtle consisting typically of nine symmetrically placed bones overlaid by horny plates
乌龟或海龟的腹壳部分,通常由覆盖角质板的九个对称放置的骨头所组成

Scute
鱗甲

An external bony or horny plate or large scale
外部骨板或角质板或大型鳞

Taxonomy
分类法; 分类学

The process or system of describing the way in which different living things are related by putting them in groups
分类法; 分类学 描述把不同的生活事物依照相关性分组的过程或系统

Topography
地形,地形图

The land masses physical attributes mapped such as; the valleys, mountains and bodies of water.
陆块与自然属性的对应图如山谷,高山和水域

Zygote
受精卵

A cell that is formed when an egg and a sperm combine; a fertilized egg
卵子和精子结合形成的一个细胞,受精卵